TOURIST WORKER SCHEME. Workers leave the country as tourists but are actually leaving for employment abroad.
ESCORT SERVICES. Workers are "escorted" at the airports and seaports and allowed to leave even without the required travel documents.
BLIND ADS. Advertisements for overseas employment published in the dailies do not indicate the name of the recruiter but provides a P.O. Box to which applications may be submitted.
BY CORRESPONDENCE. Applicants are encouraged to submit their requirements through mail together with seemingly minimal fee.
BACKDOOR EXIT. Workers leave through the southern ports of exit where immigration control is lax. They usually leave on cargo ships or on boats.
ASSUMED IDENTITY. Workers leave under another name either using the name of another worker or through the "baklas system" or obtaining passports through fake birth certificates and other documents/ Minors are usually deployed through this scheme.
DIRECT HIRING. Workers are recruited directly bu the foreign employer and deployed as trainees on a training agreement. More often, HRM students leaving in the guise of a traineeship program for hotels abroad but eventually landing jobs in hotels/restaurants abroad.
TIE-UP OR KABIT SYSTEM. Unlicensed recruiters tie-up with licensed agencies and recruit workers through the facilities of the latter. Workers are either deployed under the job order of the licensed agency but actually work for another employer abroad or the foreign principal of the unlicensed recruiter is register or accredited under the licensed agency's name.
VISA ASSISTANCE OR IMMIGRATION CONSULTANCY SCHEME. Entities operating under the guise of consultancy or offering services for visa facilitation are actually engaged in recruitment by offering placement abroad on immigrant visa. Some of them also operate through the conduct of orientation seminars, which are actually recruiting activities.
CAMOUFLAGED PARTICIPANTS/REPRESENTATIVES IN SEMINARS/SPORTS EVENTS. Workers leave as participants in seminars or sports events abroad but actually intend to work there.
MAIL ORDER BRIDE. Marriage is arrange by brokers between Filipino women and foreigners. The Filipino wife end up being a domestic helper to her husband and his family or in worst situations abroad.